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Archaeological Site in Central Crete

Gortyna Γόρτυνα

Also known as Gortyn or Gortys.

This site is located 50 km from Heraklion town. Whereas many of the remains you will see on Crete are from the Minoan culture, this settlement was predominantly a Roman capital.


Gortyna, roman ruins in green grass and yellow flowers (image by Salvatore Mugllett )

This was the richest city in Crete during the first to the fifth centuries AD, the period of Roman domination in the area.

Highlights of the archaeological finds here include the wall with inscription of the Law of Gortyn representing the earliest known Greek law, dating from first half of the 5th century BC.

The quiet peace of the site, its location away from civilisation and lack of the mad crowds of Knossos make this a lovely site for history buffs and nature lovers alike. There are plenty of opportunities to relax and take in the atmosphere and imagine life in this lush Messara valley in ancient and classical times.

Highlights include the Odeon from 1st Century AD, the display of the Gortyn Law Code from 5th Century BC, and the Church of St Titus, dating from the 6th Century AD.

If you pack a picnic, you could sit under the beautiful plane tree to muse about the story of Zeus and Europa who, it is told in Greek mythology, made love here.

Always check with your hotel reception or on the official website as to opening days and hours, on the day of your visit, before you leave, to avoid disappointment.

Γόρτυνα, roman ruins - green grass and daffodils all over the site (image by Salvatore Mugllett)

Getting Here...

Gortyna Odeon (image by Carole Raddato)The Odeon of Gortyna

Arrive into Gortyna from Heraklion, the capital of Crete, via Athens by flights or ferries, with details below.

From Heraklion, take a hire car or local bus to the archaeological site, with details below. Heraklion - Timbaki and Heraklion - Phaistos  services leave from Bus Station B in south Heraklion.

Driving south 48 km from Heraklion on the national road, visit Agioi Deka and then 1 km south you will see signs to Gortyna. Watch carefully as you drive along south, so as not to miss the signs for this site, which sits along the roadside, just south of Agioi Deka.

Consider hiring a private historical guide to show you through Gortyna, Phaistos and Agia Triada, as they can be comfortably combined in one day with a knowledgeable guide. This takes out the mundane details of driving and navigating and you get to focus on the heart of the matter, and absorb the ancient sites of central Crete.

Exploring Nearby

New shoot on grape vine (image Douloufakis Winery)

There is so much to explore in the Heraklion region.

As you drive south from Heraklion you may want to visit Knossos Palace, then the village of Archanes. Or taking the route south on the national road, you could visit wineries at Dafnes and see Kerasia village on your way to this historic site.

Many visitors combine their visit to Gortys with a visit to the ancient Minoan Palace of Phaistos, which is 15 km south of here. If you come on a Saturday, it is the day to visit the markets in Mires, located between the two, on the national road.

Also in comfortable driving distance are Kokkinos Pirgos Beach and Matala Beach, and the beautiful Zaros mountain village.

A full day trip can be made from Heraklion to Gortys and Phaistos, then lunch in the village of Zaros and an afternoon drive through the Amari Valley into Rethymnon, visiting the Monastery of Arkadi before heading to Rethymnon town for an afternoon stroll and dinner. This is a very adventurous and jam-packed day of sightseeing and would be best split into many days meandering and staying in local villages.

Arkadi Monastery, Rethymnon (image by Nikos)Visit Arkadi Monastery en route to Rethymnon


Good accommodation can be found at Matala, Kokkinos Pirgos and Zaros, and in the mountains around the valley. We suggest some local rural accommodation below which is very handy to this site as well as Phaistos and Agia Triada.

Eleonas Eco-Village - cabin exterior

The Eco Village at Zaros - Eleonas offers lovely cabins dotted about the hillside and many different activities for the whole family, such as horse riding, mountain biking, archery, hiking and cooking classes.

Featuring beautifully restored, traditional cottages in a country resort situated in an olive grove, with both the guesthouses and grounds beautifully designed and kept. Enjoy wonderful, fresh, local food in the cafe and restaurant, and visit the farm animals after a swim in the pool.

Eleonas is 14 km from the site of Gortyna and just 3 km from the delightful mountain village of Zaros

Thalori Traditional Village...

Mount Kophinas - View from Thalori Resort, Kapetaniana Village

Staying here in Thalori Traditional Village in Kapetaniana is an experience in itself. The village is reached by a stunning, steep mountain road. The views around are magnificent. This cluster of houses on this hillside have been restored with meticulous pride to reflect the traditional building methods, the stone locally sourced, all made of solid stone and wood and not going anywhere – rock solid!

Beautiful architecture of Thalori Resort, Kapetaniana Village

Just to sit and enjoy village life here gives you a chance to absorb and understand the Cretan way of life, especially if you join in life in the centre of the village and nights with local folk music in the restaurant. If you must rush off and hike or trek or mountain climb, you have a wide variety of choices. This is not a touristic experience, this is the real Crete and we can only say this; get ready for some rakis, some laughter and some invigorating fresh air!

This village is 30 km from the archaeological site of Gortyna and 35 km from Phaistos, in the region to the south of the Messara known as Asterousia.

More information about Thalori Resort...

Location Map of Gortyna...

Below is a map showing the location of this site:

Videos of Gortyn Archaological Site...

Below are videos of the site of Gortyna as it stands today:

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