The Palace of Knossos

The 'Birthplace of Europe'

The Palace of Knossos  Κνωσός was the oldest and most sophisticated city of the ancient western world. This site was the first inhabited area of ancient Crete, from as early as 7000 BC, and subsequently became the largest and most influential of Minoan centres.

Large jars or pithoi reconstructed at the site (image by alljengi)

The History of The Palace of Knossos

Knossos Palace is located in a fertile natural valley (image by rpyoung)

The community on this site reached an incomprehensible level of sophistication, coming to its zenith between the years 2400-1400 BC. The city created here could be deemed modern by today's standards.

Reached by an impressive paved royal road, epic in proportion, the palace sits amid a lush and fertile basin, to this day lined with rows of olive trees and grapevines.

Minoan cities were unique, compared to neighbouring Mycenaean, Spartan and Athenian, in that they did not fortify their towns. This is a clear indication that they where not a warring people, and supported themselves with the trade of their unique agricultural goods and distinct and beautiful artistic crafts such as earthenware, jewellery, cosmetics and perfumes.

Tips for independent visitors to the Palace archaeological site...

The Palace of Knossos Day Tours

Impressive reconstruction and artwork - the creation of archaeologist Arthur Evans

Day tours to Knossós Palace... with pick up and drop off from all major centres and hotels, with a fully experienced guide to interpret the palace ruins. Total tour time 5-6 hours.

Reconstruction of portions of the site is controversial (image by ctsnow)

At the centre of the palace stand three and four storey buildings with throne rooms and spiritual chambers, central halls, bedrooms, bathrooms, intricate spiral stairways and light wells.

Also discovered were modern bathrooms with flushing toilets and sophisticated plumbing that fed in fresh spring water and plumbing for taking away waste water. There are tales that mention that the residents had central heating ducted through underground pipe systems utilising local thermal springs, although there seems to be some debate about this.

On the ground level and basements vast storage areas were excavated lined with large earthenware storage jars, ranging in size from rhytons to human size. The entire city was gracefully decorated, with frescoes and wall paintings of griffins, dolphins, bull-leaping figures, male processions with youths carrying ceremonial jars (rhytons) and beautiful women with sophisticated attire convening and enjoying a tête-à-tête.

Frescoes of Minoan Crete...

Prince of the Lilies, fresco

The Prince of the Lilies

The tihografia wall painting of the Minoan prince known as the Prince of the Lilies or the Priest King dates to roughly 1500BC. This painting which was restored by Evans' team, shows the sleek and proud postured Cretan youth with his long curly hair, wearing a headress of lilies.

He is believed to be leading a bull by its tether. It is controversial that in fact this painting may be a fusion of a number or paintings from as many as four paintings from the many stories that had tumbled on top of each other.

The frescoes of Minoan Crete can be seen on site at the Palace, as well as inside the small museum on site and the at Heraklion Archaeological Museum.

The ancient site of The Palace and City of Knossós is located in the central north of the island of Crete in Greece, 5 km from the capital Heraklion.

More on the ancient history of Crete...

More about the discovery of the Palace and Arthur Evans...

The history of Crete...

Below is a video of the Palace of Knossos archaeological site as it stands today:

Below is a digital 3D reconstruction of the Palace of Knossos with our modern imagination and technology...


Below are some beautiful images of the Palace of Knossos archaeological site as it looks today:

The Palace of Knossos - Propylaeon or Entrance GateThe partial reconstruction is striking at the Propylaeon or Entrance Gate

The Palace of Knossos - Κνωσός (image by Phileole)These pits are close to the entrance and are nicknamed 'koulouria' after the circular Greek bread snacks. They are thought to be waste pits.

The Palace of Knossos - Κνωσός (image by Phileole)There are some cypress trees near the entrance way.

The Palace of Knossos - Κνωσός (image by Phileole)The site is partially reconstructed.

The Palace of Knossos - Κνωσός with views across the valley (image by Phileole)Looking over the valley to the olive groves beyond it is not hard to see why the Minoans chose this fertile location

On the Map...

Below you will see the location of the Minoan archaeological sites on the island of Crete...

Also shown is the ancient Roman site of Gortyna

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