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The mountainous region Sfakia of in the south-east of the island of Crete in Greece., located in the Chania region.
The area is made up of rugged rocky mountains and gorges, steep hills and valleys and a steep, cragged coastline to the south.
Known for its proud and fiercely independent people, this is a heartland of Crete, with a tremendous history.
To get to Χώρα Σφακίων (right), travel from Chania town to the small leafy village of Vrises, then to the high Plateau of Askifou ringed by the White Mountains, then on through spectacular mountain and gorge landscapes as the road travels along the Imbros Gorge, then south to the town. The total journey is 70 km but it can take as long as you like, with plenty of stops to admire the views and take in the fresh mountain air.
This region is for sure-footed sheep, mountain goats and shepherds, it is very rugged, inhospitable and sparsely populated, the beaches in the south are inaccessible, the steep mountains plunge straight down into the sea.
Because of its fierce and impenetrable landscape, throughout history the region has been the sanctuary for rebel fighters and allied armies alike.
For four hundred years Crete was occupied by the Ottomans, however if you speak to a local they will remind you, that these people never capitulated to either the Venetian or Ottoman rulers, and mounted many rebel armies to fight for their independence during countless campaigns against them.
The most notorious rebel leader was Ioannis Vlachos, known as Daskalogiannis, born in the village of Anopolis, who mobilised the locals against the Turks in 1770. Without the promised outside help, the local forces were driven to surrender.
Daskalogiannis was skinned and hanged in proud silence in Heraklion in 1771, becoming a most remembered son of Crete. A memorial statue to the hero can be seen in his village of Anopolis, in the mountains.
During the second world war, many British and Australian troops owed their lives to the Sfakians, who helped them through the mountains, away from the fighting and to the southern beaches where they were evacuated by ship to Egypt.
In today's more peaceful times, the fierce independence still lingers, however visitors will be safe to visit the Σφακιά region, and especially enjoy the peace and quiet of the mountains and the remoteness of the beaches. Just don't insult anybody's mother in a hurry! Keep your respect for these mountain people and they will keep theirs for you.
Hikers love the vast and expansive scenery, whilst enjoying the many different ecosystems in the island of Crete, perhaps taking the 320 km trek along the European Walking Path E4, which passes through the White Mountains and this region.
Peter Trudgill is a long time visitor and lover of Sfakia who has written a book about his experiences, named "In Σφακιά – Passing Time in the Wilds of Crete".
Frangokastello, now a sleepy beachside village, was once a strategic defence location for the Venetians, who constructed a fort on its low lying peninsula. The fort was taken into many hands throughout the history of Crete, and now lies in ruins; a fascinating reminder of times past.
The intrigue of the castle at Frangokastello is deepened by the local stories of ghost sightings at a certain time of year.
Loutro Village, (above) is a tiny seaside village of Sfakia accessible only by hiking or by boat...
More on the Samaria Gorge Walk here...
The gorge walk can end or start at the small village of Agia Roumeli...
You can walk the gorge independently, if you have a bit more time. To take the bus to this region from Chania, you need to change at Vrisses, buy a ticket in the kafenion, there are only a few local buses to Chora Sfakion so check the timetable carefully.
More day trips to Samaria below - with all the transport and logistics taken care of:
Many visitors come to Sfakia to take the south coast ferry to the small inaccessible beaches and villages that dot the coastline, or to take the ferry to the island of Gavdos.
The south coast ferry is run by Anendyk SA - see timetable information below.
Below we suggest some accommodation in the Sfakia area:
On the Askifou Plateau you will be surrounded by mountains and trails. Hikers and active holiday makers, naturalists and bird watchers love this place. At the Lefkoritis Resort, relax in country comfort or enjoy horse riding.
In Chora Sfakion you can stay the night before or after your ferry ride to the southern beaches. The Livikon Hotel is handy to the centre of the village and the port, with its own taverna by the bay.
In Frangokastello we suggest the small, basic and affordable Flisvos Rooms right by the water. Pad back and forth to the water for your relaxing summer holiday.
In Loutro we suggest Villa Niki just a little back from the water with views from the balcony rooms, quiet with a garden, away from the tavernas, yet very close to wander around this magical village.
In Agia Roumeli, find a simple comfortable place to stay at Pachnes B&B, a little back from the main street, quiet and small.
Once you are in Sfakia, try the local 'pies', delicious thin pancakes, with local cheese and mountain honey.
At the Dourountakis Bakery in Chora Sfakion you will find these local specialties and those who are crazy about them. Warning they can be addictive.
Try 'Sfakiano lamb' local lamb, mizithra cheese, fresh caught seafood and 'Cretan salad' or dakos. Get ready to taste local olive oil. Try mezedes or little plates - of everything! Try the local wild greens - horta - including stamnagathi. Ask for 'dopio fagito' or local food.
A very proud local speciality for food lovers is the Sfakiano giahni Σφακιανό Γιαχνί - slow cooked kid.
Don't forget to try one of the local delicacies - Snails in Rosemary - here called Chochlious boubouristous Xοχλιούς μπουμπουριστούς.
Below is a beautiful video of the region...including the Lefka Ori, much of the beautiful scenery and wildlife of the region, such as the gorges, caves, wildflowers, the Omalos Plateau and more...
Here you will see the cooking of Snails in Rosemary
Eftikis the Happy Traveller shows us around Sfakia
Chapel on Agios Pavlos beach