Birds of Crete

Golden Eagle by Daniel Giup

The beautiful birds of Crete are still plentiful and of a wide variety. The wide range of habitats, from marine, estuarine, scrubland to alpine and mountainous, especially the coastal cliffs, allows many migratory species and others to find a home in Kriti.

Some of the rare species have been mentioned on our nature pages and conservation pages and include the Bearded Vulture, the Eleanora’s Falcon and the Golden Eagle.

Below are listed some of the beautiful birds found in Kriti with their scientific names for identification purposes. Birdwatching in Crete is very interesting as it involves exploring some of the unknown and unpopulated areas of the island.

It must be said that birds have been hunted thoroughly in Crete and are shy and in some cases the population in danger because of ongoing practices. Other threats are habitat destruction and other human activities. There is, however, a growing awareness within Kriti of the value of our natural history.

Partridge Fresco, Knossos Crete

The Minoans, an artistic and sophisticated culture dating from 2000 BC in Crete, included nature in many of their artworks, especially the frescoes, of which the one to the left is well recognised. These birds are thought to be partridges or similar. This fresco was discovered at Knossos Palace.

Fresco of the Partridges 1500-1450 BC

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Fresco of the Blue Birds, Knossos Crete


The famous fresco of Blue Birds of Knossos (right) shows beautiful blue birds amidst rocks and flowers, thought to be lillies and roses, the birds are thought by some to be peacocks.




Birdwatching in Crete

Enthusiasts will find plenty of information here on the website of Colin and Sue Turvey about Crete birdlife and photography.

Below we mention some of the many, many areas to watch for birds in Crete. We begin in the west, in the prefecture of Chania, and make our way east to Lasithi.


Birdwatching in Chania, Crete

Chania Crete

Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios (pictured) and Modia Plateau in south-western Crete are an important biotope for the rare Bearded Vulture.

Tiganis Peninsula, in the north-west of Chania, is a breeding area for the Eleanora’s Falcon, and both the Rodopou and Gramvousa peninsulas are good areas for birding, Gramvousa Islet is also a breeding area.

Akrotiri peninsula, close to the town of Chania has good birdwatching near Agias Triadas and Gouvernetou, also Souda Bay to the east of Chania is habitat for shore birds.

The Lefka Ori including both Agia Irini Gorge and Samaria Gorge are a large mountain range with excellent remote habitat for eagles, vultures and buzzards.

The Moronis River Lagoon Biotope known as Pera can be reached on the road between Souda Bay and the Chania airport on the Akrotiri peninsular in Chania and provides a good wetland viewing point.

The Agia Reservoir is a very good wetland site and may be found on the road from Chania to Samaria Gorge, 5 km south of Chania.

Lake Kournas, the Almyrou delta, and Georgioupolis Beach have been identified as one of the important bird areas on Crete. This lake is a unique fresh water lake south of the town of Georgioupolis in eastern Chania prefecture.

Gavdos Island and its little sister, Gavdopoula Island, are important for shore and migratory birds. These islands are located 65 km south of Paleohora in Chania.






Birdwatching in Rethymnon, Crete

Rethymnon has some of the highest ranges in Crete and inaccessible peaks ideal habitat for raptors and alpine species. The Psiloritis Range including Mt Ida and the Nida Plateau.

Also in Rethymnon are the beautiful Kourtaliotis Gorge, Megalopotamos, and southern mountainous area around Preveli, which all make good birding locations.


Birdwatching in Iraklion, Crete

The beautiful mountain village of Zaros and the nearby Lake Votamos and Rouvas Gorge are ideal walks for birdwatching. This village is 44 kms from Iraklion town.

Thrapsano Lake near the village of the same name is approximately 25 km south-east of Iraklion after Knossos. This is a good area for spotting the birds of Crete.


Birdwatching in Lasithi, Crete

The beautiful Zakros Gorge and natural areas around Kato Zakros make for good walking and birdwatching in eastern Crete.

The lagoon behind Chionia beach near Palekastro village in Lasithi is good for water birds of Crete.


Our Beautiful Birds of Crete

Golden Eagle Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
 Bonellis Eagle Bonellis Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus
Bearded Vulture Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus
Griffon Vulture Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus.b.
Eleanoras Falcon Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Lanner Falcon Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus
European Kestrel European Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Tawny Owl Tawny Owl Strix aluco
Little Owl Little Owl Athene noctua
Hooded Crow Hooded Crow Corvus cornix
Alpine Chough Alpine Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus
Red Billed Chough Red Billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Hoopoe Hoopoe Upupa epops








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