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What is the Cretan Diet? What is the Cretan Mediterranean Diet?
The beauty of the Cretan diet is its simplicity; fresh, natural and pure. No fancy sauces or preparations.
Mix fresh fruit and nuts and vegetables, plenty of olive oil and very little meat. Less sugar and saturated fats. A wine or two. Some raki.
Proudly, Crete has one of the highest registrations of organic produce in all of Greece, which is a wonderful way of continuing land practices unchanged over hundreds of years and ensuring healthy eating and a healthy planet.
Horta is a general term for wild greens, of which there are many varieties
After winter rains, horta or wild greens flourish, and grannies are busy out in the country lanes with their bags collecting the lush dark green 'weeds'. There are actually many different types of horta...getting to know them and how to cook them is one of the pleasures of life in the country of Crete, learning about Cretan food.
What do they eat in Crete?
Whatever your tastes, you will find something wonderful about Cretan food. Is it the atmosphere? Is it the air? The mountains? The soil? The fresh water? The Mediterranean? Is it the farmer or the cook?
This will take a few hours of diálogo dialogue... so let’s pour another wine and discuss...
Dópio ...local, is a great Greek word to know if you are travelling. It can refer to just about any food or drink or preparation, and ensures your hosts know you want the real thing. Ask for dópio crassi... local wine.
At a taverna you could simply say dópio fagitó… local food. Your hosts will know what you mean. At a fishing village of course ask for dópio psári ...local fish.
Don't forget your Greek coffee...because of course, much of your day in Greece is focussed around the kafe or the kafenion and coffee.
The preparation of the coffee is very important and a source of endless discussion in every household and indeed, every kafenion...of course this is also part of the Cretan diet...See more about Cretan cuisine in this wonderful story by Chef Byron...
Meze is the word for small plates of appetisers typically eaten before a meal. We like to make a meal of them, adding many plates of vegetables and seafood.
You can do this in any taverna on the island, just add as you go. Be sure to ask for horta or wild greens and perhaps a plain plate of tomatoes. Add good company, wine and conversation, before you know it, you're having a meal!
Dakos Salad - pictured above is one of our favourite salads which is full of staple products of the Cretan diet - paximadia or barley krithári rusks, tomatoes, olives, olive oil and feta with herbs - see our recipe here to enjoy a fresh salad.
Olive oil is at the heart of the Cretan diet, it is grown all over the island and used in just about every meal. For cooking and dressing, and for many other uses, you need some good extra virgin organic olive oil such as the ones for sale on this page.
Oil has unsaturated fats and so is much healthier than other types of fat, yet full of goodness, especially when it is natural rather than boiled or fried, it also has loads of anti-oxidants.
Crete produces many wines and it is possible to ask for dopio crassi where ever you eat on the island. If you have a particular interest in wines, visit some of the many wine-growing regions on the island and view the vineyards, taste the produce and understand the land - wines of Crete - just be sure to let the light dance in your glass as you drink it down.
Tsikoudia Τσικουδιά is a clear spirit made from the by-product of wine grapes. The distillation process uses locally produced grapes already pressed for their juices for wine, in this way nothing is wasted and harvest time becomes busy with the preparation of raki or 'tsikoudia' as it is known in the local dialect.
A glass or two of this spirit a day helps the metabolism and is credited as part of the mystery of the Cretan diet. And it certainly doesn't hurt as you sit by the fire in winter!
Small Group Gourmet Trail of Rethymnon - treat yourself to a 4 hour gastronomic exploration of this cosmopolitan town, with food and beverage tastings, hidden spots not in the guidebooks all through the old zone. 4 hour walk.
Crete Food Tour of Chania Old Town - a 3 hour walking tour of the picturesque Venetian town with food tasting. Be led by a local down little-known laneways to out-of-the-way cafes and try tidbits of Cretan cuisine. Try rusks or paximadia and koulouria, donut-shaped bread encrusted with sweetened sesame seeds, cheese, olive oil, olives and sweet pies.
Take an 8 day walking, cooking and foraging tour with Vassilis and the team from Castello Taverna in western Crete.
Learn the local cooking methods, pick your own fresh vegetables from the taverna's own patch, and forage for local wild greens.
Enjoy this uplifting video of Kriti and the Cretan diet - Incredible Flavours.
In this video from Tastes of Crete, see Mike prepare zucchini blossoms stuffed with rice and crushed wheat.
In this video from Incredible Crete, you will see that the gastronomy of Crete is one of the most important reasons to visit here. The Cretan diet, synonymous with longevity, offers many flavours and aromas that fascinate all the senses.
Endemic wild grasses and aromatic herbs, excellent quality dairy products, fruits and vegetables, honey flavored with the herbs of the Cretan land, its snails, xerotigana, kalitsounia and the famous wedding pilaf make up the delicious map of Kriti.
You always taste these dishes accompanied by the pure smiles and the authentic hospitality of its inhabitants.
Photographer Matthieu Paley of National Geographic captures the joyful people that have lived on the Mediterranean diet long before it became a fad.
On this small group escorted tour by Travel Editions, Cathy Bartrop gets to eat lots and find out more about Cretan cuisine and food culture.