Ierapetra Fortress

Ierapetra – known as the Nymph of the Libyan Sea, is situated on the south of Crete in the prefecture of Lasithi. Located 36 km from colourful Agios Nikolaos, her south-facing aspect has assured an eventful history dating back to earliest times.

Today the town has a population of 13,000 and is a rich agricultural, commercial and financial centre.

South eastern Crete is blessed with Europe’s warmest climate and longest summers. This is one of the southernmost towns in Europe with very little rainfall each year and temperatures that average 12oC.

A tempting variety of shops, open air cafés, bars, restaurants and traditional tavernas, makes it the ideal place to relax, enjoy shopping, eating, drinking and simply tasting the best of Kriti.

Crystal clear waters and pretty beaches to the east and west, as well as scenic mountain country inland, mean there is plenty for visitors to explore in Ierapetra.

History of Ierapetra

Since 4th or 3rd century BC there was a Minoan or Achaean trading centre on this site and natural trade between here and Egypt. Then the Dorians based themselves here and the town was called "Ierapytna".

Saracens invaded after an earthquake in 824 then Arabs ruled for many years.

In the 13th to 16th centuries came Venetian rule, the name was changed to Ierapetra and the fortress was rebuilt.

In 1647 the city was taken by the Turks who did not completely destroy the Venetian castle and kept it as a defence fort. During Ottoman rule a mosque was built that still stands today.

Ampohora  from Manoliana near this site, dated to the 4th century B.C.

The Archaeological Museum holds some valuable antiquities such as (left) a red-figure amphora from Manoliana near this site, dated to the 4th century B.C. It is preserved in very good condition.

Exploring Around Town

Strolling by the seaside cafes (image by Hobby Photograph)

Kato Mera - the quiet narrow Venetian streets of the old quarter, known as the 'lower place' are reminscent of the old Kriti, and close to the harbour and the Venetian castle "Kales".

Pano Mera - the more modern part of town is known as 'higher place' and extends some distance behind the fort and the harbour.

The Venetian Fortress "Kales" was built in the 13th century. It served as protection against pirates, who regularly plundered the trading routes between Crete and the east. It is well preserved and sits by the harbour, open to visitors who contemplate its many stories whispered through the stones.

The mosque which was Agios Ioannis was renovated by the Turks into a worship centre with a fountain opposite, it is restored as a building of historical importance today

The main town beach and beaches of Koutsounari, Ferma, Agia Fotia and Myrtos provide excellent swimming, diving and snorkelling.

In the pastry shops, zacharoplasteia, you will find the Cretan specialities such as kalitsounia and bougatsa.

During the summer the festival "Kirvia" is celebrated around the region with a great variety of events, music and dance by folk and pop musicians, theatre performances and art exhibitions.

The Cretan Villa Hotel - courtyard

The Cretan Villa Hotel (left) is an atmospheric traditional house with a real Cretan feel, a fully restored 18th century house of stone and wood, natural shades and lovely rooms, it is one of the nicest inns in town.

Around and About Ierapetra Daytrips

Inland the valleys are dotted with many greenhouses, providing vegetables and fruit to the whole of Crete and beyond since 1966, and providing great economic growth to the area. An artificial lake was created as a water source for the crops, and is known as "Bramiana Lake", it is a wetland home to many birds.

The infamous Ha Gorge is 13.5 km to the north of town is really a chasm of rock, a climbers paradise. Rumour has it that only 11 people have crossed it. Not a gentle walk, but a truly dramatic landscape.

Thripti Village is 16 km inland from from the city and 1475m above sea level, with magnificent views and mountain scenery, the village annual festival is on 13th and 14th of September.

Selakano Forest is one of the most beautiful and important eco-systems in Crete, near the village of Males it lies on the southern slopes of the Dikti mountain range. The most common tree here is the pine tree Pinus brutia.

Myrtos is a coastal village 14 km west of Ierapetra of whitewashed houses, a lovely beach and great hospitality.

Donkey at the sanctuary

Walk with Donkeys near Ierapetra is a donkey farm where you can visit to pat the donkeys, ideal for kids, or take walks in the mountains with the donkeys. Picnics and bird spotting walks can be arranged, and camping is available.

Visit and make sure to call first before you visit the farm.